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Tablet 190

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TVI Publication No. 4

Vindolanda Inventory No. 33, 47, 62

Introduction

The essentials of our analysis and our view of the format of this unique wooden notebook remain unchanged (cf. the remarks of Tjder (1986), 301). The evidence of the tablets discovered in the 1980s strongly suggests, however, that this account belongs to Period 3 and should be re-interpreted in the context of the domestic administration of the praetorium rather than as an official account of supplies dispensed to the military unit or constituents of it. As a corollary we must also abandon the suggestion that the supplies of barley provide evidence for the view that the cohors viiii Batauorum (previously identified as cohors viii) was equitata, see p.23, above).
The tablet contains accounts, which may well be separate, of cash sums connected with some religious purpose (c.1-3) and of food supplies over a period of several days in June. It is impossible to be certain whether the account records supplies obtained or used. The fact that there are no costs recorded in this part of the account suggests that (unlike 191) this is not an account of supplies purchased; we think that, with the exception of the entry in c.16, the account probably records commodities used or disbursed and that the entries for June 24 probably reflect the celebration of a religious festival. The prominence of barley in the account may be in its capacity as fodder for animals belonging to the praetorium. The evidence for slaves at Vindolanda makes it probable that this account was compiled by a slave member of the Cerialis household and certain that the Privatus mentioned in lines c.26, 28, 31 and 35 will have been a slave (see c.26 note). If it was a relatively informal household account book, its somewhat cryptic nature will be easier to understand. Finally, we now have a clearer notion of the meaning of lines c.38-9, even if the circumstances remain obscure; they are likely to refer to a visit made by Cerialis and members of his family to Briga (see note). For additional evidence on matters related to foodstuffs and the Roman military diet see now Dannell and Wild (1987), 66-70, Dickson (1989), Davies (1989), 187-206, M.Jones (1991), King (1991). It should be pointed out that the lines are numbered separately in each of the fragments and the numeration consequently differs slightly from that adopted in the ed. pr.

a
. . . . . . . .
n 1 ] (denarios) iii s(emissem)
2 ].
3 ].e
. . . . . . .
b
. . . . . . . . . .
1 ].s
2 ] m(odios) [.]ii (denarii) s(emissem)
3 ].i..m (denarii) s(emissem)
4 uacat
c
. . . . . . . .
n 1 a]d sacrum (denarios) [
n 2 ]m ad sacrum (denarios) [
n 3 ]atam ad sacrum [
4 uacat
5 m2?xiii K(alendas) Iuli[as
n 6 horde[i
7 ceruesa[e
8 x[ii] K(alendas) Iulias
9 hordei m(odios) iiii [
10 ceruesae m(odios) ii
11 [xi K(alendas) Iu]lias hordei [
n 12 ].m ad hor[
13 ].tum
14 ]m(odios) ii
15 x K(alendas) Iulias
n 16 hordei m(odios) v s(emissem)
17 allatus uini ..ssec[
18 viiii K(alendas) Iulias
19 hordei m(odios) v s(emissem)
20 uini m(odium) i (sextarios) xiiii
21 ceruesae m(odios) iii
22 viii K(alendas) Iulias
23 hordei m(odios) vi.[
24 ceruesae m(odios) iii (sextarios) ...
25 uini m(odium) i (sextarios) xii
n 26 aceti (sextarios) ii
n 27 per Priuatum
n 28 muriae (sextarium) i s(emissem)
n 29 per Priuatum
n 30 axungiae (sextarios) x mut[(uo)
31 domino ad stipes
32 per Priuatum
33 uini m(odium) i ad sacrum
34 d<i>uae
35 uini (sextarios) xii
36 per Priuatu[m
n 37 vii K(alendas) Iulias
38 hordei (sextarios) .i.
39 domini Brigae man[se-
40 runt
41 uacat
d
. . .
1 ].ias
2 ].
3 ].i
4 ].ur
. . .
e
. . .
1 ]s i[
2 ]iis
. . .
f
. . . . . .
1 ]...
2 ](sextarios) v s(emis)
3 ]. ii.
. . . . . .
g
. . .
1 ]si.is
. . .

Notes

(b) "... modii 3 (?), denarii ½
... denarii ½"
(c) "... for the festival, denarii ..
... for the festival, denarii ..
... for the festival ...
19 June
of barley ...
of Celtic beer ...
20 June
of barley, modii 4(plus) (?)
of Celtic beer, modii 2
21 June, of barley ...
... to the granary (?) ...
...
... modii 2
22 June
of barley, modii 5½ (?)
Allatus (?), of Massic wine (?) ...
23 June
of barley, modii
of wine, modius 1 sextarii 14
of Celtic beer, modii 3
24 June
of barley, modii 6(plus)
of Celtic beer, modii 3 sextarii ..
of wine, modius 1 sextarii 12
of sour wine, sextarii 2
through Privatus
of fish-sauce, sextarii
through Privatus
of pork-fat, sextarii 10 as a loan (?)
to the lord for charitable donations
through Privatus
of wine, modius 1 for the festival
of the goddess (?)
of wine, sextarii 12
through Privatus
25 June
of barley, sextarii 11½ (?)
the lords have remained at Briga."