Vindolanda Tablets Online Tablets Exhibition Reference Help

Tablet XML (EpiDoc) files

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Note: the Tablet Numbering range is 118-573

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Tab. Vindol. II Introductory chapters

Tab. Vindol. II Category introductions

Tab. Vindol. II Abbreviations and Bibliography

Digitising Vindolanda

Creating digital texts

Creating digital images

Tab. Vindol. I and Tab. Vindol. II Addenda and Corrigenda

TVI Introductory Chapters

The print publication and the online edition

Tablets guide

A short introduction to the use of XML in the Vindolanda website, with links to the XML files, EpiDoc DTD, stylesheets and documentation

The Vindolanda Tablets database is a 4D database running on a Macintosh server. Tablet metadata, such as classification information, were imported directly into the database. However, because the formatting of the tablet text (the commentary, the Latin, the English translations, and the notes) had to be flexible, an XML file containing the text elements was created for each tablet. The HTML that is displayed on this website was then generated from the XML files and imported into the 4D database. An added benefit of creating XML records of the Vindolanda tablets is that they now exist in a generic format (following the EpiDoc DTD conventions) and can be downloaded and used freely.

All of the Vindolanda XML files are available here for downloading. Please see the following links for the XML as well as for the DTD, stylesheets, tools, and documentation


There is one XML file for each tablet, named with the TVII tablet number. You can either browse the directory and download individual files or you can download all 455 XML files as a tar archive.

Browse a directory of individual tablets. NOTE: Many browsers will have trouble displaying the DTD. Right-click (or command-click) on the link to save the file to disk.

Download a tar archive of all the files.


The DTD followed in creating the Vindolanda XML files is the EpiDoc DTD version 1.0. Some modifications of the official DTD have been made.

View the DTD (tei-epidoc.dtd) or the same in TEXT format (tei-epidoc-dtd.txt).

For more information on the EpiDoc DTD, including the official guidelines, see the EpiDoc homepage. The EpiDoc guidlines followed here, the latest available at the time, are those of May 8 2002.

NOTE: In creating the Vindolanda XML files, only a subset of the EpiDoc recommendations were implemented. To see where Vindolanda XML and EpiDoc differ, please see this comparison of epigraphic print conventions, EpiDoc conventions, and Vindolanda conventions.


The Vindolanda XML was transformed using Apache's Xalan XSL processor (Java version). For more information about this freeware, see the Xalan homepage.

Vindolanda's XSL stylesheet (elements only) can be viewed here

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